Do Not Use Misc

"Corona Virus in South America: How it became a class issue"

Corona virus begin affecting the wealthy first, those who could afford to travel and afford private hospitals. Corona virus is mainly affecting the higher class citizens right now, who are able to afford being quarantined alone and not around anyone. But the lower class citizens are worried that once it hits them they won't be able to afford care for themselves like the upper class. Many of the lower class citizen people live in the same room, so quarantining would be a major problem for them

Some geographic concepts are the favelas throughout the countries in South America. They are over packed and crowded which could lead to a faster spreading of corona virus.

"Brazil takes a page from China, taps facial recognition to solve crime"

The article I read talks about the ongoing crime in the shanty towns of Rio, Brazil and the possible use of facial recognition to crack down on crime. Crime, especially murder is a major problem throughout all of Brazil, but they are especially prevalent in the slums, known as favelas, as discussed in the previous map assignment. The article gave some statistics, and some of them were shocking. In 2019, the city of Rio averaged 20 shootouts per day. There are several geographical aspects in this ongoing situation in Rio. It may sound weird, but tourism is an important part of the favelas. With the increasing rate of violence in the slums, it's not necessarily safe in the favelas for tourism, and violence involving tourists could hurt the tourist industry and the Brazil economy in general. That's why new technology can be integral for the city of Rio, and the country of Brazil as a whole.


Scientists Warn That The Amazon’s Tipping Point Puts Brazil’s Agribusiness, Energy Sector At Risk

Author: Shanna Hanbury

Scientists are concerned about the rising rates of deforestation occurring to the Amazon rainforest, and investigated potential economic impacts. In 2020 deforestation reached an 11-year all time high (yearly deforestation measured from Aug 1-Jan 31). This increased amount is partially due to the lessening of protective measures in place that were made to reduce that amount of deforestation occurring. The article did not state whether the amounts of the rainforest destroyed from the wildfire that occurred in 2019 were included in their measurements, or if this number comes from purely human-forest interaction. Scientists are concerned that this deforestation will severely impact the amount of rainfall that the region receives, and thus negatively impact hydro projects and agriculture in a country that relies heavily on these resources for its economy.  

The Amazon rainforest is responsible for a huge amount of water flow. Not only do its rivers carry more than 17 billion metric tons of water through Brazil and into the Atlantic Ocean each year, but the trees themselves release over 20 billion tons of water into the air. The water that these trees release is often referred to as "flying rivers" due to the shear amount of water and movement that is produced. Deforestation impacts the amount of precipitation each year. The rainy season has been occurring later and later every year, according to the article. Many water loving plants conducive to significant amounts of evaporation and transpiration are being replaced with plants that tend to hold on to the water they take in. This reduces the movement of water that is crucial to sustain Brazil's agriculture and hydroelectric resources. According to the article, two-thirds of Brazil's energy comes from hydroelectric projects. In a worst-case scenario prediction, scientists warn that the Amazon rainforest could transition into a savannah before the end of the century. Hopefully, the predictions are wrong, but they still amplify a growing concern for the state of the Amazon rainforest, and the need to protect this invaluable resource for future generations.


As everyone knows by now, the coronavirus has been announced a pandemic. It is spreading wildly across the world. South America has been hit with the coronavirus as well as everywhere else in the world. There have been a total of 2,041 cases in South America. There 10 reported recoveries and 19 reported recoveries. All 12 of the countries in South America have been affected by this virus. Brazil has the most cases of the virus due to Brazil being so big. Brazil has 651 confirmed cases. The virus is in the middle of brazil and will most likely spread throughout the entire country. Suriname has the least number of cases. Suriname has 4 confirmed cases of the Coronavirus. The larger countries are the places that have the most cases due to the populations. Most of the cases arrived in South America in late February and the beginning of March. The treatment is either self-care or medical treatment. There is a vaccine that is being created to reduce the number of people that get affected by the coronavirus.

For this blog post, I used the website The New York Times. The title of the article is “Pope Francis Sets Aside Proposal on Married Priest'

In the article there has been a proposal set by priests to be married. This proposal is mostly linked to the South American realm in the Amazon area for the priests and deacons to see if they can get married or not. This proposal would get affected globally because the Roman Catholic Church is obviously not in one realm and it can be found in many places in the world.  

After the dismissal of the proposal by Pope Francis, the conservatives were in relief. The reason for this could be because of the traditions and taboos they have in Roman Catholic. According to the article, there have been exceptions made for priests to be married in these areas for the South American realm because they are in need of more priests to run the program.

If they allowed priests in the Amazon regions, this would influence other priests in other parts of the world to want to get married too because the priests are getting married in South America. They are calling this a threat because of that. In the article it also talks about the Pope Francis called it quits on deforestation listening to the Indigenous Peoples of the Amazon to protect the trees. The conservatives are also saying the Indigenous beliefs would conflict with the Roman Catholic.

With the exceptions made for the priests and deacons to get married were clear with reasoning. The article stated that they are fruitful and the people of the Amazon area are working and doing their job. Pope Francis also said there should be more women to get more involved with leading and get roles at their church. The results for this conclusion is overcoming the conflicts. The concepts that I see in the book are not used in the article. I know they are able to be used and would be helpful but it is still helpful.

"Think Politics Are Bad in the U.S.? Welcome to Venezuela"

While the economy is in desperate need and in an economic decline, the people of Venezuela are angry. There are protests in the streets and the president, Nicolas Maduro, isn't doing anything about it. He begins to insult the political issues, puts out a dance with a radio show, then goes to give a speech about how they [the opposition] would gain control.

Maduro isn't showing any clear signs of even wanting to try to pull Venezuela out of political and economic problems. Due to this, there has been a suspension to all of the protests in the street. But, people are thinking that this is only happening to give Maduro some time by having people in the street, angry and upset.

Some geographic concepts in this article is in fact, the relationship between the president, opposition leaders, and the citizens of Venezuela. The president has no intention of taking Venezuela out of an economic crisis and the opposition leaders are impacted by this. Then of course, the citizens are impacted the most because of the fact that they don't have money for food and other living supplies. They aren't in great hands.

The title of this week's article is One of the world’s most endangered forests originally planted by ancient South Americans, discover archaeologists.

In this weeks article is about the as the title suggest is about one of the worlds oldest Forests and more importantly a specific tree that is in most of these forests that are the Monkey Puzzle tree for which there are 19 species of this type of tree and 5 of them are on the endangered species list while 2 of them on on the critically endangered species list. This forest of these Monkey Puzzle trees are found in parts of Chile, Brazil, and Argentina, where a researcher has asked the question of how did these special trees get to South America?

Well, he found that they had not been just spread around these parts of South America normally by natural processes but more by a bit of human intervention from the Southern Je indigenous people that began to take the trees into different parts of Chile, Brazil, and Argentina the reason for this is they had been using the trees for timber, fuel, food, and resin. But unfortunately, where the indigenous people try to plant the trees were not geography or the most suitable places for these old trees, this was found when the trees would only grow on the Southside of most of the places they were planted because of Climate and the geography that they were placed on as well as they would not grow as tall.

Of late, the outbreak of the corona virus has sent fear throughout individuals. Recently a woman in Moscow, Russia escaped a mandatory virus quarantine. She had recently returned from China where the deadly virus originated. After learning she would have to stay in confinement for two weeks, she escaped stating she was not infected by the virus and had already roamed Russia for ten days before getting sent back to the hospital.

Russian authorities have taken rash measures to prevent the spread further by halting air traffic to China and North Korea and completely shut down their land border to China and Mongolia. Making it harder for neighboring states to enter into Russian territory without using airlines.   The south of Russia is blocking Mongolia, China, and a small boundary with North Korea. Russia's capitol and most populated city, Moscow, has temporarily stopped issuing work visas to Chinese citizens and told students studying in Russia to not return until March 1st.

The Russian government is strategically taking a course of action to prevent the spread of this disease further. Geographically Russia is more susceptible to transmitting the disease because of their bordering neighbors.



My article can be found at:


The title of my article is, “U.S. sanctions block hurry-up work on Russian gas pipeline: officials'. This article explains the risk of being penalized for rushing to finish build the Russian natural gas export pipeline. The goal is to send gas under the Baltic Sea, which bypasses Ukraine and doubles the capacity of the already existing pipeline. However, the work on the project was suspended. There is about a 100-mile stretch until it is completed. This major project has been opposed in Washington since the Obama administration because it would strengthen Russian President Vladimir Putin’s economic and political grip over Europe. The U.S. sanctions are blocking the hurry-up work on the pipeline until they demonstrate good-faith efforts. This means there is a wind-down period that allows time for companies to straighten up financial arrangements and safely remove equipment. The geographic concepts in this story include the physical locations of Russia, Ukraine, and the Baltic Sea. There is also a bigger concern about Russia’s tight economic group.

To celebrate.. erhm... partake in the Coronavirus enthusiasm I've an article from the Japan Times. It reports that Russia has closed their Southeastern and Far Eastern region's border to China. With the sole exception of a train that runs directly from Moscow to Beijing. The article: Europe evacuates citizens from china; Russia shuts border." It continues to briefly summarize European actions in regards to the Coronavirus. These can be easily summarized as the varying nations actions to restrict potentially infected hosts from entering their respective country.

You can find the article here to read further: "Europe evacuates citizens from china; Russia shuts border."

Geographically speaking the quarantine actions of Europe and the Russian/central asian realm is requiring significant effort to control, limit and properly quarantine passenger coming in through ports, airports and through land borders. As reported in the paper Russia has closed the border between China and Russia, however this may or may not be the best choice as if you have the border open you can more appropriately deal with people coming through border and not risk unauthorized entrances. Aside from land borders other ports of activity, sea and air, input is limited to single nodes of entry.